venerdě, settembre 17, 2021 16:52

The Romanian Folk Witchcraft – 2

” ‘The wolf  seemed to be a reliable ally during the land’s history and step by step transformed itself from one mere ferocious animal to a warrior totem,a God and a legend, now having it’s own holiday. Not even Romans, the first thief’s of the land that tried to switch the powerful wolf with the Roman deities, mainly Apollo and later not even the Christians with their enforced indoctrination, couldn’t destroy it’s power fully. Dacians were Christianize during the 5th century, later after the entire Empire was tasting from that plague-Saint Andrew being the official baptizer of the inhabitants, it’s holiday being also called The Wolf’s day or Werewolf Day- so again Christianity trying to slay the wolf …
For those that have a history problem and don’t know who the Dacians were I added here some quotes: ”The Dacians, situated north of the lower Danube in the area of the Carpathians and Transylvania, are the earliest named people on the present territory of Romania. They are first mentioned in the writings of the Ancient Greeks, in Herodotus (HistoriesBook IV XCIII:”[Getae] the noblest as well as the most just of all the Thracian tribes”) and Thucydides(Peloponnesian Wars, Book II: “[Getae] border on the Scythians and are armed in the same manner, being all mounted archers”).” Wikipedia

Zamolxis, the higer god of the Dacians that both Herodotus and Strabon mention him as being an ex-slave of Pytagoras(this could be not true though, thinking the fact that Zamolxis lived long before Pytagoras 580 BC-495BC),that also traveled to Egypt and came back to his people where he tried to teach them what he was learning in his journeys, including the life after death. Some even claim that the Dacians might have been monotheists, believing in one god Zamolxis, but both archeologists and historians talk about other Dacian deities, such as Bendis (a type of Diana/Artemis) and a war god to whom the war prisoners were sacrificed. Also every five years one male was picked to be sacrificed as a messenger for Zamolxis.
The legend of the wolf, and mostly of the white wolf is closely related to Zamolxis cult,the legend saying that this was a Zamolxis  old priest that had the ability to talk to the animals. His god transformed him into a white wolf and ordered him to unite all the Dacians into one single huge pack. The symbolism is more striking when the legend also says that since then the wolfs were the warriors brothers, helping them in times of need. The wolfs helped them when Romans came, and as you all know the Dacian wars were the most demanding for the Roman army, but just like it happened in Britain,when the weapons were not helping them, then they adopted other methods. In that case it is said that they were killing all the wolves that came in their path, destroying the Dacian magickal defense..Another difference between Dacians and other civilizations is that the wolf was considered a solar image and so was the snake-not a cthonic one- those two being united on the Dacian flag as a wolf with snake feathered tail flying in the air.

The wolf  is still celebrated on several holidays, starting with 13 of November, 16 November,21 November and ending with 30 of November, that month being also called the month of the wolf,in traditional culture.
The wolf is also involved in the day to day life of the Romanians, or at least  it used to have…It is an initiatory animal, for the warriors, or those who want to embrace the army, the newborns were breastfeed through a dried she-wolf nipple in order to take the strength of the wolf , also the name Lupu(Wolf) was one of the most favorite names for male babies. The wolf is also the one that helps the souls of the dead in their crossing on the other side.

Saint Peter is also closed to the wolf symbol in Romanian folklore, being celebrated on 16 January-also called St.Peter’s chain, he being also called the tamer of the wolves (Dacians being the wolves) when it is said he frees the wolves to eat as many animals they want,and on 29 June.

The wolf symbolism in Romania could be considered to have a native aboriginal connotation, a Thracian-Celtic connotation and also a latin connotation- being a strong symbol for the Roman empire too(if we remember the legend of Romulus and Remus).Many civilizations have the wolf as a war symbol or some kind of personification of a war god, but none of them were taking this as such a strong totemic symbol,and not only, but also letting it enter into all big events from one’s life from birth to death and taking the it as a marker for society’s life and growth, also this being the root for all the werewolves stories and legends that invaded the Christianize Romania in the Middle Ages and even now.

There are 4 types of werewolves or humans that have wolf characteristics :

1. Pricoliciul
A.M.Marienescu in his work ”Pricolicii”(1872) talks about this type of werewolf that has a human head and wolf body or vice versa. He also says that usually they are ruled by the Devil(being cursed, bewitched humans or the result of an incestuous sexual act) and attacks people into their sleep, exactly like the incubi/succubi types of vampires.

2. Tricoliciul
Is another form of werewolf but comes from the un-natural sexual act between a human and a wolf. On that line I want to mention that also the famous Erzsebet Bathory was said to mate with the wolves.

3. The werewolf (Varcolac)
A human that can transform into a wolf during the full moon. It is usually attacking cows, goats and sheep.

4. Capcaun
It’s a type of monster with human body and dog head that it is said to kidnap and eat children.”

Article by Kirke

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